Aging Research & Issues: Feb. 26-March 2, 2018
- Medicaid Demonstrations: Evaluations Yielded Limited Results, Underscoring Need for Changes to Federal Policies and Procedures. GAO-18-220: Published: January 19, 2018. Publicly Released: Feb 20, 2018. About one-third of Medicaid’s spending goes toward demonstrations, which allow states to test new approaches to delivering Medicaid services. Do they save money? Improve care? The short answer is that states and the federal government don’t fully know. We found that the federal government did not require complete and timely evaluations from the states, so conclusive results were not available. Click on right to select full report or highlights.
- Hearing Impairment Increases the Risk of Distal Radius, Hip and Spine Fractures: A Longitudinal Follow-up Study Using a National Sample Cohort. So Young Kim, Joon Kyu Lee, Songyong Sim, and Hyo Geun Choi. 2018. PLoS ONE, 13(2): e0192820. Hearing impairment has been suggested to increase the risk of falls. However, most previous studies were conducted in an older population without classification of the fracture regions. This study aimed to delineate the risk of each fracture type in all age populations.
Aging Research & Issues: February 20-23, 2018
- Training Area Agencies on Aging Case Managers to Improve Physical Function, Mood, and Behavior in Persons With Dementia and Caregivers: Examples from the RDAD-Northwest Study. Susan M. McCurry, Rebecca G. Logsdon, Kenneth C. Pike, David M. LaFazia & Linda Teri. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, Volume 61, 2018 – Issue 1, Pages 45-60 . Published online: December 6, 2017.
- Psychological predictors of eating pathology in older adult women. Elizabeth Midlarsky, Ashley Kronen Marotta, Steven Pirutinsky, Ruth T. Morin & Joseph C. McGowan. Journal of Women & Aging, Volume 30, 2018 – Issue 2, Pages 145-157. Published online: April 3, 2017. Results of an Internet survey of older adult women (N = 245; aged 60–90 years) indicate that the factors significantly associated with eating pathology—perfectionism, depression, and sociocultural pressures to be thin—closely parallel those reported for both younger and middle-aged women.
Aging Research & Issues: February 12-16, 2018
- Government Accountability Office (GAO) Report: Medicaid Assisted Living Services: Improved Federal Oversight of Beneficiary Health and Welfare is Needed.
- ‘‘It was then that I thought ‘What? This is not my Dad’’: The implications of the ‘still the same person’ narrative for children and young people who have a parent with dementia.
Aging Research & Issues: February 5-9, 2018
Aging News & Research: January 29-February 2, 2018
- Quantity of Movement as a Measure of Engagement for Dementia: The Influence of Motivational Disorders. Giulia Perugia, MSc, Daniel Rodríguez-Martín, PhD, Marta Díaz Boladeras, PhD, Andreu Català Mallofré, PhD, Emilia Barakova, PhD, Matthias Rauterberg, PhD. American Journal of Alzheimers Disease and Other Dementias, Volume 33, Issue 2, Pages: 112-121. First Published November 17, 2017. SAGE Choice Open Access. Results highlighted significant correlations between quantity of movement and observational scales of engagement and a strong negative influence of apathy and depression on engagement. Click to download pdf.
- Prevalence of Long-Term Opioid Use in Long-Stay Nursing Home Residents. Jacob N Hunnicutt MPH, Stavroula A Chrysanthopoulou PhD, Christine M Ulbricht PhD, Anne L Hume PharmD, Jennifer Tjia MD, Kate L Lapane PhD. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Volume 66, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages 48–55. First published: September 21, 2017. One in seven NH residents was prescribed opioids long-term. Recent guidelines on opioid pre-scribing for pain recommend reducing long-term opioid use, but this is challenging in NHs because residents may not beneﬁt from nonpharmacological and nonopioid interventions.
Aging News & Research: January 22-26, 2018
- Conceptual and Empirical Approaches to Financial Decision-making by Older Adults: Results from a Financial Decision-making Rating Scale. Peter A. Lichtenberg, Ph.D., A.B.P.P.; Katja Ocepek-Welikson, M.Phil.; Lisa J. Ficker, Ph.D.; Evan Gross, M.A.; Analise Rahman-Filipiak, Ph.D.; and Jeanne A. Teresi, Ed.D., Ph.D. Clinical Gerontologist, Volume 41, 2018 – Issue 1, pages 42-65. Published online: October 27, 2017. The LFDRS thus offers clinicians and researchers alike a novel way to assess capacity for financial decision-making.
- Risk Profiles for Injurious Falls in People Over 60: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Stina Ek, M.Sc.; Debora Rizzuto, Ph.D.; Laura Fratiglioni, M.D., Ph.D.; Kristina Johnell, Ph.D.; Weili Xu, M.D., Ph.D.; Anna-Karin Welmer, Ph.D. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, Medical Sciences, Volume 73, Issue 2, January 16, 2018, pages 233-239. Published online: June 9, 2017. Five clusters were identified including: a “healthy,” a “well-functioning with multimorbidity,” a “well-functioning, with multimorbidity and high FRID consumption,” a “physically and cognitively impaired,” and a “disabled” cluster. The risk of injurious falls for all groups was significantly higher than for the first cluster of healthy individuals.
PCA service coordination helps keep frail seniors at home
The majority of older adults want to age at home, in the community. PCA’s nearly 200 service coordinators are vital to helping them do so when they become frail. Each year, the agency provides service coordination for more than 17,000 older Philadelphians.
Aging Research & Issues: January 16-19, 2018
- Applying a Treatment Effects Model to Investigate Public Amenity Effect on Physical Activity of the Elderly. Chia-Yu Yeh, PhD, Chen-Kang Chang, PhD & Feng-An Yang, MS. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, Volume 30, 2018 – Issue 1, Pages 72-86 . Published online: October 11, 2017. Providing sufficient and accessible parks in metropolitan residential neighborhoods could be one of the most cost-effective ways to promote physical activity for the elderly living in midsize Asian cities.
- Psychosocial Mechanisms Underlying Older Black Men’s Health. Tyson H Brown PhD, Taylor W Hargrove PhD. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B – Psychological and Social Sciences, Volume 73, Issue 2, January 11, 2018, Pages 188–197. Published online: August 3, 2017. Conventional measures of stressors and coping resources—originally developed to account for variance in health outcomes among predominantly white samples—may not capture psychosocial factors most salient for older Black men’s health.
Aging Research & Issues: January 10-12, 2018
- Primary Care Providers’ Perspectives on Screening Older Adult Patients for Food Insecurity. Jennifer A. Pooler MPP , Vanessa A. Hoffman , MPH & Fata J. Karva , MPP. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 2018, Volume 30, Issue 1, Pages 1-23. Published online: August 25, 2017.
- How people come to recognise a problem and seek medical help for a person showing early signs of dementia: A systematic review and meta-ethnography. Lucy Perry-Young, Gareth Owen, Susan Kelly , Christabel Owens. Dementia, 2018, Volume 17, Issue 1, Pages 34–60.